Due to a variety of current events, the name of Margaret Sanger has repeatedly surfaced in the news the past few weeks. The focus on Planned Parenthood because of a series of investigative videos has brought renewed attention to the organization's notorious founder. Presidential candidate Ben Carson has encouraged people to "go and read about Margaret Sanger and go and read about the beginnings of this organization so that you know what you're dealing with." Several journalists have been criticized for accepting the "Maggie" awards for their pro-abortion coverage. And a group of black pastors sent a letter to the director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Portrait Gallery asking that the bust of Planned Parenthood Founder Margaret Sanger be removed from the museum's "Struggle for Justice" exhibit. Who was Margaret Sanger? Here are nine things you should know about one of the 20th century's most controversial figures:
1. In 1916, Sanger opened the world's first birth control clinic in New York City. Nine days later Sanger was thrown in jail and the clinic shutdown for violating the Comstock obscenity laws, which included a prohibition against literature describing contraceptive methods.
2. At the First American Birth Control Conference in 1921, Sanger founded the American Birth Control League (ABCL). In 1942 the ABCL changed its name to 1942 Planned Parenthood Federation of America. In 1952 in Bombay, India at the Third International Conference on Planned Parenthood, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) was founded. Sanger served as president of the IPPF from 1952 to 1959. (She died in 1966.)