Christianity fails a fundamental test of naturalistic science. Miracles, such as Christ's Virgin Birth and Resurrection, do not mesh with modern scientific beliefs, which require truth to be "testable and repeatable." This conflict does not deter Christians, however, who trust their eternal destiny to these historical facts that are revealed in Scripture, even if they aren't repeated today. Yet many of those same Christians reject the straightforward, historical reading of the Genesis creation account simply because they believe it cannot be verified by science. This was not the case through most of history. Not until the nineteenth century did Jews and Christians begin rejecting, in large numbers, the plain understanding of Genesis 1. At that time, long-age views in geology had gained prominence, largely because of the philosophy of uniformitarianism. This view denies the possibility of miraculous interventions in history, such as divine creation and the biblical Flood, proposing instead that only current, slow physical processes may be used to explain the past. Not wanting Christianity to appear foolish by the standard of their era’s prevailing philosophy, several Christian leaders responded by seeking to harmonize Scripture’s creation account with the concept of millions of years.
As the weaknesses of each compromise view became apparent, Christians strayed further and further from the literal meaning of Genesis in a vain attempt to conform it to modern "scientific" interpretations of the past. In the process, they set a dangerous precedent. They began reinterpreting Scripture to match scientists’ claims, even when the new interpretation ignored the actual words of the text or forced contradictions into it.
[Read the rest of the article at Answers in Genesis.]