What significance to colors have in the Bible?
Colors in the Bible have symbolic significance that can remind us about God and His plan of redemption. Just like with numbers, colors in the Bible point us to Jesus by symbolizing His Person and His works. Last week we covered "The Meaning of Numbers in the Bible." Let's now use a symbolic multi-colored flower, starting with the top petal, and determine what each of the colors represents in God’s Word.
We always start with God. If we add the letter "l" (for love) to the word "God" we get the word "gold." Gold is a precious metal of great value and it is highly desired. Jesus is precious and His promises are precious (1 Peter 2:7). He is highly desired (Psalm 42:2, 63:1, Philippians 3:10). Gold represents God's love because His love is more precious and more valuable than all the gold in the world. Love is the gold of God.
"For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." (John 3:16)
The color gold represents God because it points to His deity. In ancient days, kings, pharaohs and noblemen were adorned with gold to signify their high position. They were also given gifts of gold to pay homage to their position. And, of course, they surrounded themselves with items of gold, to proclaim their wealth.
King Solomon had an ivory throne overlaid with the best gold (1 Kings 10:18). When instructions were given for building the furniture in the Tabernacle, God was very specific about the use of gold. Every piece of furniture pointed to Christ and to His deity. For example, in the Holy of Holies, the Ark of the Covenant was constructed of acacia wood (symbolic of Jesus' humanity) and overlaid with pure gold (symbolic of His divinity). The mercy seat was pure gold as well as the two cherubim, one on each side with wings outstretched (Exodus 25:10-21). In the first sanctuary, the Holy Place, the lampstand was constructed of pure gold, and the table of shewbread and the altar of incense were constructed of acacia wood (Christ's humanity) and overlaid with gold (Christ's divinity).
Since gold represents God's love and divinity, it is no surprise that in ancient times many idols and false gods were also created of gold. When Moses was on Mt. Sinai, the Israelites created and worshiped a calf made of gold. Nebuchadnezzar had a statue made that represented kingdoms, and his kingdom Babylon was represented by the head of gold.
Another example of gold representing Jesus' divinity was at His birth. One of the Wise Men presented Him with a gift of gold, a gift befitting the King of kings and pointing to Jesus being the begotten Son of God.