Predestination is the doctrine that attempts to explain how God accomplishes His will in our world through His foreknowledge and by foreordaining all things that come to pass. It must be understood in the context of God's eternality. God is outside of our time dimension. God has always existed, which is a hard concept for us to understand. He is infinite and we are finite. Our minds cannot fully comprehend who He is or what He does. But we do know much about Him. He has graciously revealed all we need to know through His Word. Before examining the doctrine of predestination, let's understand God's eternality. We know that our world had a beginning (Genesis 1:1) and we know that our Triune God was already there:
- "And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was." (John 17:5)
- "But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory." (1 Corinthians 2:7)
- "In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began." (Titus 1:2)
Jesus is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. Just as He was there at the beginning, so also will He be there at the end of our world and into eternity.
- "Before the mountains were brought forth, Or ever You had formed the earth and the world, Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God." (Psalm 90:2)
- "And the [eternal] city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof." (Revelation 21:23)
What is Predestination?
A word of caution before proceeding: Both predestination and election are works of God, and in both there remains a great deal of mystery.